Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is the inability to achieve or sustain a hard enough erection for satisfactory completion of sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction is different from other health conditions that interfere with male sexual function, such as lack of sexual desire (decreased libido) and problems with ejaculation release of the fluid from the penis (ejaculatory dysfunction) and orgasm/climax (orgasmic dysfunction), and penile curvature (Peyronie's disease), although these problems may also be present. ED affects about 50% of men age 40 and over. This article focuses on the evaluation and treatment of erectile dysfunction.
Use the links below to find information relating to various urological procedures. .
Tell your physician about any health problems you’ve had in the past and all the medications you take, both prescribed and over-the-counter. It’s also important to let your doctor know if you use recreational or illegal drugs, drink alcohol, or use tobacco products.
University of Utah Health offers shockwave therapy as an option for patients suffering from ED. Shockwave therapy is typically recommended for patients who do not respond well to medication or do not want more invasive treatments.
You get an erection when blood fills two chambers known as the corpora cavernosa. This causes your penis to expand and stiffen, much like a balloon as it is filled with water. Impulses from the brain and genital nerves start the process. Anything that blocks these impulses or restricts blood flow to the penis can cause ED.
If pills don't work for you or the side effects bother you severely, we can use alternative treatments. These include: injections, suppositories, vacuum devices, shockwave therapy, or surgery. ED Vacuums
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Treatment for ED is based on the cause of the problem. Some of the treatments that may be used include:
Finally, penile implants or surgery to bypass penile artery damage in younger men with a history of severe pelvic trauma may be performed.
The doctor will perform a complete physical examination, to check for abnormalities in the penis, scrotum, and testicles. To check for heart disease the doctor will take your blood pressure, measure your heart rate, and order a blood test to check your level of cholesterol. Your doctor will do a digital rectal examination to feel the size, shape, and consistency of the prostate, and if necessary check the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. To check for diabetes the doctor may order a test to measure the level of glucose in your blood. It could also be necessary to assess your testosterone levels in the morning. This is also done with a blood test.
Note: Many Aetna pharmacy benefit plans exclude coverage of drugs for lifestyle enhancement or performance. Please check benefit plan descriptions for details. Under these plans, sildenafil citrate (Viagra), vardenafil hydrochloride (Levitra) and tadalafil (Cialis) are covered only when required by state regulation or when a plan sponsor has elected an optional rider under the pharmacy plan, or, for indemnity or PPO plans without a separate pharmacy benefit, when the plan sponsor has added optional coverage under the medical plan.
If you suspect that you have erectile dysfunction, you need to talk to your doctor about it. Then you can work with the doctor to determine the underlying factor or cause of the condition. Actually, ED can only be effectively treated if what is causing it is known. In fact, you may find that your condition improves with only simple lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, quitting smoking or drinking less alcohol. And if it is a medication you’re taking that is causing the problem, your doctor may treat the condition by reducing the dosage or having you try another drug.The treatment options for ED include lifestyle changes, counseling, medications, penile injections, vacuum pumps and surgery.
The pulses in your legs will normally be assessed and the nerve reflexes involving your legs, and your penis or anus (back passage). Rectal examination (pictured) may be performed to assess the tone of your anal muscles and to feel your prostate gland.
Sildenafil (Viagra) 50 mg and 100 mg on demandTadalafil (Cialis) 10 mg and 20 mg on demand; 2.5 mg and 5 mg once dailyVardenafil (Levitra) 10 mg and 20 mg on demandAvanafil (Stendra) 50 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mgHow Do PDE5 Inhibitors Work?
Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) varies in severity; some cannot have an erection at all, whereas other men sometimes have troubles getting a hard erection, and others get a hard erection but it only lasts for a short period of time. Approximately 50% of men over the age of 40 have troubles with erectile dysfunction.
A series of blood tests helps determine many medical conditions known to cause ED. A urinalysis indicates any positive signs of kidney problems, testosterone levels or diabetes. Using a nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) procedure is common. Ultrasound testing and injections may be useful when diagnosing erectile dysfunction.